SPDE™ - The Magic Needle

Now available for PAL RSI and RTC...


SPDE features full automation for dynamic sample extraction, desorption and analysis using the CTC Combi PAL. Most of our customers use SPDE for food and flavor research, forensic analysis or environmental applications. The typical lifetime of a single SPDE syringe is 1500 injections, though can be higher if a clean matrix is used.


A gas-tight 2.5mL syringe is equipped with a special needle that is coated on the inside with an extraction phase. The phase can be applied in varying degrees of thickness.

The adsorption process is best described as follows: A liquid or headspace sample is drawn up into a 2.5mL syringe, thereby adsorbing analytes onto the stationary phase. A distribution balance is reached between the liquid sample matrix and the active phase.

The analytes are concentrated onto the phase by repeatedly moving the plunger up and down, thereby forcing the headspace or fluid through the needle. Fast plunger speeds ensure a quick exchange of sample near the active phase.

After adsorption, the syringe picks up carrier gas from the fiber bakeout station (if necessary, the station is also used to dry the coating and syringe). Then, the autosampler moves the syringe over to the hot GC inlet, and the analytes are desorbed. Additional gas flow from the syringe forces the analytes into the inlet, thereby ensuring sharp peak shapes. This technique can be used with splitless flow for maximum sensitivity.

System Type:

  • Dynamic extraction of liquid and gaseous samples
  • Use of various phases and film thickness
  • No mechanical or thermal stress
  • High-grade steel capillary needle, which adds to its robustness
  • Analyze a sample while extracting the next one
  • Fully automatic use with a standard PAL system and any chromatographic system with split/splitless injector
  • No extra thermal desorption system needed
  • Total control of all extraction parameters
  • More convenient than other extraction methods
  • Less time necessary for sample incubation
  • Needle coated on the inside walls with a choice of phases and variable thicknesses
  • Optimized sample contact with the phase is reached by setting the number of plunger pumpings, resulting in shorter incubation time
SPDE™ water sample:

SPDE™ water sample:

Halogenated pesticides. The extraction above was carried out with 1, 5, 10, 20 and 30 filling strokes (from bottom to upper TIC). Capillary needle coated with 5 µm methylsilicone phase. Sample amount was 1 µg/L per component.



Imprint · All rights reserved © Chromtech GmbH | Attribution, Credits and Copyrights | generated by MATRIX-CMS

We use cookies to offer you a better browsing experience, personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. Read about how you can control cookie usage by clicking Settings. You consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.

Please choose which type of cookies you consent to:

(ie. account login related cookies)
(i.e. facebook)
(i.e. youtube)
(ie. Google Analytics)